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6-Azido-L-lysine HCl

Unnatural azido-modified amino acids for monitoring protein synthesis

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  • Catalog No.
  • Price
  • 100 mg
  • BCAA-009-100

  • 140 €
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  • 6-Azido-L-lysine HCl can be incorporated into proteins to study and monitor protein synthesis.

    Due to the azide-moiety, this molecule allows for specific bioconjugation of various functionalities such as e.g. PEGs, antibodies or fluorescent labels, by click chemistry or Staudinger ligation.

     

    LITERATURE

    Mapping the Ligand-Binding Site on a G Protein-Coupled Receptor (GPCR) Using Genetically Encoded Photocrosslinkers, Grunbeck et al., 2011Biochemistry, Vol. 50, p. 3411-3413.

    https://doi.org/10.1021/bi200214r

    Proteomic Profiling of Burkholderia thailandensis During Host Infection Using Bio-Orthogonal Noncanonical Amino Acid Tagging (BONCAT), M. Franco et al., 2018, Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Vol. 8, 370.

    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2018.00370

    Discovery of cell active macrocyclic peptides with on-target inhibition of KRAS signaling, S. Lim et al., 2021, Chemical Science, Vol. 12(48), p. 15975-15987.

    https://doi.org/10.1039/D1SC05187C

    Peptidomimetic antibiotics disrupt the lipopolysaccharide transport bridge of drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, M. Schuster et al., 2023, Science Advances, Vol. 9(21), 3683.

    https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.adg3683

    FAQ

    • Is it possible to generate azide- or alkyne-modified peptides?

      With modified amino acids azide- or alkyne-modified peptides can be prepared by solid-phase synthesis.

    • How can de novo protein biosynthesis be monitored?

      De novo protein biosynthesis can be monitored by feeding of metabolite analogues (so-called metabolic labeling) and subsequent click reaction. Azido-homoalanine for example is recognized as a methionine analogue and is incorporated into de novo synthesized proteins in methionine-free medium conditions. The resulting proteins contain azide moieties and thus can be detected after click to an alkyne-containing reporter molecule (e.g. a fluorescent dye). This non-radioactive method has major practical advantages compared to traditional 35S amino acid incorporation methods.
      Alternatively, O-propargyl-puromycin is efficiently incorporated into proteins during de novo protein biosynthesis and can be used in complete medium. The resulting alkyne protein fragments can be detected via click to azide-containing reporter molecules.

    • What click conditions should be used for protein click reactions?

      A catalyst system based on CuSO4 and sodium ascorbate is recommended in combination with dye azides to label alkyne-modified proteins. Please also refer to our general Click protocols for more details.
      Due to the 20 (21) amino acids that are the building blocks of proteins, the physicochemical properties of proteins are more diverse compared to oligonucleotides, which are just composed of 5 major building blocks. Therefore, finding the optimal click conditions is more difficult compared to oligonucleotides and labeling rates are usually lower. Please note that despite these difficulties detection applications (e.g. de novo protein biosynthesis detection) are easily feasible.

    • Molecular Formula

      C6H12N4O2 *HCI

    • Shelf Life

      12 months unopened after receipt

    • Storage Conditions

      2-8 °C, dry

    • Molecular Weight

      172.19 g/mol * 36.45 g/mol

    • Purity

      ≥ 98% (HPLC)

    • Physical State

      white crystalline powder

    • CAS Number

      1454334-76-9 (hydrochloride salt)
      159610-92-1 (free acid)

    • Additional name

      H-L-Lys(N3)-OH*HCl; N-epsilon-Azido-L-lysine; (S)-2-Amino-6-azidohexanoic acid hydrochloride

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